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Medical TERMINOLOGY   -   A thru Z

Prefixes, roots, suffixes

Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means "before." Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time.    Root: central part of a word.   Suffix:  The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word. Example: homeless. Root = 'home' and the suffix is 'less'. It can also refer to a condition, disease, disorder, or procedure.
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G

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Term
Meaning
galact/o milk
ganglion/o ganglion; collection of nerve cell bodies
gastr/o stomach
gel/o to freeze, congeal
gemell/o twins
-gen substance that produces
-genesis producing; forming
-genic produced by or in
geni/o chin
genit/o reproduction
ge/o earth, soil
ger/o old age
geront/o old age
gest/o pregnancy
gester/o pregnancy
gigant/o huge
gingiv/o gum
glauc/o gray
gli/o glial cells; neuroglial cells
-globin protein
-globulin protein
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glucose; sugar
glyc/o glucose; sugar
glycogen/o glycogen; animal starch
glycos/o glucose; sugar
gnath/o jaw
gnos/o knowledge
gon/o seed
gonad/o sex glands
goni/o angle
-grade to go
-gram record
granul/o granule(s)
-graph instrument for recording
graph/o writing
-graphy process of recording
gravid/o pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
gynec/o woman; female
gyr/o circle, spiral
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