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Medical TERMINOLOGY   -   A thru Z

Prefixes, roots, suffixes  [ C ]

Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means "before." Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. 
Root
: central part of a word.     
Suffix
:  The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word. Example: homeless. Root = 'home' and the suffix is 'less'. It can also refer to a condition, disease, disorder, or procedure.    

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Term
[ Meaning ]
cac/o [ bad ]
calc/o [ calcium ]
calcane/o [ calcaneus (heel bone)  ]
calci/o [ calcium ]
calcul/o, -calculia [ to compute ]
cali/o [ calyx ]
calic/o [ calyx ]
calor/i [ heat  ]
campt/o [ bent  ]
capillar/o [ capillary (tiniest blood vessel)  ]
capn/o [ carbon dioxide  ]
-capnia [ carbon dioxide  ]
caps/o, capsul/o [ capsule, container  ]
carcin/o [ cancerous; cancer  ]
cari/o [ caries, rottenness ]
cardi/o [ heart ]
carp/o [ wrist bones (carpals)  ]
cata- [ down ]
-cataphasia [ affirmation  ]
cathar/o, cathart/o [ cleansing, purging  ]
-cathisia, -kathisia [ sitting  ]
caud/o [ tail; lower part of body  ]
caus/o [ burn; burning  ]
cauter/o [ heat; burn  ]
cav/o, cavit/o [ hollow, cavity  ]
cec/o [ cecum (first part of colon)  ]
-cele [ hernia ]
celi/o [ belly; abdomen v
-centesis [ surgical puncture to remove fluid  ]
centr/o [ center ]
cephal/o [ head ]
cerebell/o [ cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)  ]
cerebr/o [ cerebrum (largest part of the brain)  ]
cerumin/o [ cerumen ]
cervic/o [ neck; cervix (neck of uterus)  ]
-chalasia [ relaxation ]
-chalasis [ relaxation ]
cheil/o [ lip ]
chem/o [ drug; chemical  ]
-chezia [ defacation; elimination of wastes  ]
chir/o [ hand ]
chlor/o [ green ]
chlorhydr/o [ hydrochloric acid  ]
chol/e [ bile; gall  ]
cholangi/o [ bile; vessel  ]
cholecyst/o [ gallbladder ]
choledoch/o [ common bile duct  ]
cholesterol/o [ cholesterol ]
chondr/o [ cartilage ]
chore/o [ dance ]
chori/o [ chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)  ]
chorion/o [ chorion ]
choroid/o [ choroid layer of eye  ]
-chroia [ skin coloration ]
chrom/o [ color ]
chron/o [ time ]
chrys/o [ gold  ]
chyl/o [ chyle  ]
chym/o [ to pour  ]
cib/o [ meal ]
-cide [ killing ]
-cidal [ pertaining to killing  ]
cine/o [ movement ]
circum- [ around ]
cirrh/o [ orange-yellow ]
cis/o [ to cut  ]
-clasis [ to break  ]
-clast [ to break  ]
claustr/o [ enclosed space  ]
clavicul/o [ clavicle (collar bone)  ]
cleid/o [ clavicle  ]
clin/o [ to slope, bend  ]
-clysis [ irrigation; washing  ]
coagul/o [ coagulation (clotting)  ]
-coccus [ berry-shaped bacterium  ]
coccyg/o [ coccyx (tail bone)  ]
cochle/o [ cochlea (inner part of ear)  ]
-coimesis [ sleeping  ]
col/o [ colon (large intestine)  ]
coll/a [ glue ]
colon/o [ colon (large intestine)  ]
colp/o [ vagina ]
comat/o [ deep sleep  ]
comi/o [ to care for  ]
-coma [ deep sleep  ]
con- [ together; with  ]
coni/o [ dust ]
conjunctiv/o [ conjuctiva (lines of eyelids)  ]
consci/o [ awareness, aware ]
constrict/o [ narrowing, binding ]
-constriction [ narrowing ]
contra- [ against; opposite  ]
contus/o [ to bruise ]
cor/o [ pupil ]
core/o [ pupil ]
corne/o [ cornea ]
coron/o [ crown or circle  (example:  Coron/ary arteries encircle the heart) ]
corpor/o [ body ]
cortic/o [ cortex, outer region  ]
cost/o [ rib ]
cox/o [ hip ]
crani/o [ skull ]
cras/o [ mixture; temperament  ]
crin/o [ secrete ]
-crine [ to secrete; separate  ]
-crit [ to separate ]
critic/o [ crisis, dangerous ]
cry/o [ cold ]
crypt/o [ hidden ]
cubit/o [ elbow, forearm ]
culd/o [ cul-de-sac ]
cupr/o [ copper ]
-cusis [ hearing ]
cutane/o [ skin ]
cyan/o [ blue ]
cycl/o [ ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle  ]
-cyesis [ pregnancy ]
cyst/o [ urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid  ]
cyt/o [ cell ]
-cyte [ cell ]
-cytosis [ condition of cells; slight increase in numbers  ]
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Medical Calculators - A thru Z
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