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Medical TERMINOLOGY   -   A thru Z

Prefixes, roots, suffixes

Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. Pre means "before." Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time.    Root: central part of a word.   Suffix:  The ending part of a word that modifies the meaning of the word. Example: homeless. Root = 'home' and the suffix is 'less'. It can also refer to a condition, disease, disorder, or procedure.
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C

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Term
Meaning
cac/o bad
calc/o calcium
calcane/o calcaneus (heel bone)
calci/o calcium
calcul/o, -calculia to compute
cali/o calyx
calic/o calyx
calor/i heat
campt/o bent
capillar/o capillary (tiniest blood vessel)
capn/o carbon dioxide
-capnia carbon dioxide
caps/o, capsul/o capsule, container
carcin/o cancerous; cancer
cari/o caries, rottenness
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist bones (carpals)
cata- down
-cataphasia affirmation
cathar/o, cathart/o cleansing, purging
-cathisia, -kathisia sitting
caud/o tail; lower part of body
caus/o burn; burning
cauter/o heat; burn
cav/o, cavit/o hollow, cavity
cec/o cecum (first part of colon)
-cele hernia
celi/o belly; abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
centr/o center
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerumin/o cerumen
cervic/o neck; cervix (neck of uterus)
-chalasia relaxation
-chalasis relaxation
cheil/o lip
chem/o drug; chemical
-chezia defacation; elimination of wastes
chir/o hand
chlor/o green
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
chol/e bile; gall
cholangi/o bile; vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
cholesterol/o cholesterol
chondr/o cartilage
chore/o dance
chori/o chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)
chorion/o chorion
choroid/o choroid layer of eye
-chroia skin coloration
chrom/o color
chron/o time
chrys/o gold
chyl/o chyle
chym/o to pour
cib/o meal
-cide killing
-cidal pertaining to killing
cine/o movement
circum- around
cirrh/o orange-yellow
cis/o to cut
-clasis to break
-clast to break
claustr/o enclosed space
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
cleid/o clavicle
clin/o to slope, bend
-clysis irragation; washing
coagul/o coagulation (clotting)
-coccus berry-shaped bacterium
coccyg/o coccyx (tail bone)
cochle/o cochlea (inner part of ear)
-coimesis sleeping
col/o colon (large intestine)
coll/a glue
colon/o colon (large intestine)
colp/o vagina
comat/o deep sleep
comi/o to care for
-coma deep sleep
con- together; with
coni/o dust
conjunctiv/o conjuctiva (lines of eyelids)
consci/o awareness, aware
constrict/o narrowing, binding
-constriction narrowing
contra- against; opposite
contus/o to bruise
cor/o pupil
core/o pupil
corne/o cornea
coron/o heart
corpor/o body
cortic/o cortex, outer region
cost/o rib
cox/o hip
crani/o skull
cras/o mixture; temperament
crin/o secrete
-crine to secrete; separate
-crit to separtate
critic/o crisis, dangerous
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
cubit/o elbow, forearm
culd/o cul-de-sac
cupr/o copper
-cusis hearing
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cycl/o ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle
-cyesis pregnancy
cyst/o urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
-cytosis condition of cells; slight increase in numbers
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